This is a rare piece. First there is a twig (or the remains of a twig) going through the amber. But much more importantly, there is a Bristletail, Apterygota, Zygentoma. These are wingless true insects. This particular one is fairly good sized. A superb example of a Bristletail in Baltic amber.
Rare as hens teeth. I am not 100% sure which Neuroptera this is, but my best guess is a osmylid lacewing. Lacewings themselves are rare in amber and command large prices. The larvae of a lacewing is practically impossible to find. Here it is though. The dorsal surface looks like it has amassed a quantity of stellate oak hairs - natural?
Mayfly - Order Ephemeroptera. Mayfly eggs are laid in water and are hatched within one to two weeks. The nymphs develop for a year or more in water. When they emerge into the air, their life span is counted in hours. Mayflies are very rare in amber. This particular mayfly is in a nice piece of amber, but it is difficult to see. Many microscopic air bubbles impede clear visualization of the animal. Needless to say, this is not a 'cleared' piece of Baltic amber.
Baltic amber - extremely rare male wedge-shaped beetle (Rhipiphoridae).
They are one of the most unusual beetle families, in that they are parasitoids - different groups within the family attack different hosts, but most are associated with bees or vespid wasps, while some others are associated with roaches. They often have abbreviated elytra, and branched antennae.
Those that attack bees typically lay their eggs on flowers, where they hatch almost immediately into small planidium larvae that wait for a passing host. They grab onto a bee when it visits the flower, and ride it back to its nest, where they disembark and enter a cell with a host larva. The beetle larva then enters the body of the host larva, where it waits while the larva grows. When the host pupates, the beetle larva migrates to the outside of its body and begins to feed, eventually consuming it.
In amber, this is seldom seen. This nice piece of Baltic amber has a double wing flycatcher, Muchowka, Diptera. It is characterized by one pair of wings. The second pair of wings is retrograde and occurs in the form of halteres ( halteres ). The wings are thin, membranous and transparent. This is a beautiful specimen showing great detail. Next to the flycatcher is a silverfish.
About 2/3 of an inch in size (amber) and the stonefly is about a 1/2 inch. Bottom line, this piece of amber has the rare and massively sought after stonefly, Plecoptera. While fully developed larvae are occasionally found in amber, the exuviae (molt) and particularly the winged imagoes are most common. This is not the molt, but the actual animal. The mature larvae leave the water and often climb up nearby tree trunks to shed their last exuvia and become winged imagoes. As stoneflies develop only a low affinity for flying and usually walk rather than fly in the event of danger, in search of food or to mate, their dispersal in minimal and often limited to the immediate vicinity of their original aquatic habitat.
This is certainly a different piece. There is quite a story to weave around this piece. Going through the resin is what I feel to be a stick. Attached to this stick was a ant colony. The resin must have dripped on to the colony of ants some 45 million years ago. Mostly there were female worker ants, Hymenoptera, Formicidae, scurrying around. Part of the hive that housed juveniles was also here. There is a pupa that died immediately prior to hatching. This is the first time I have ever seen that. Must be two dozen worker ants who lost their life in the sap. Part is very clear, part has a rough surface. An amazing piece of amber.